Slow architecture:威尼托Casa delle Bottere complex建筑群設計

設計:Slow architecture | 項目地點:威尼托 | 類別:文化教育 | 2018-10-31 7933 103


Slow architecture:威尼托Casa delle Bottere complex建筑群設計-01

  約翰·帕森(John Pawson)在他的國王十字工作室(King's Cross)的地下室里說,“你來對了地方”,因為這項工作使得帕森成為全球聲譽的建筑設計師,無論是對于房屋而言 ,酒店,辦公室,畫廊,商店甚至修道院。通常被描述為極簡主義的Pawson美學實際上是一種被稱為減少主義的美學,它去除了無關緊要的細節,有利于一種全包式的簡約。有時,這種純度與現有結構并置,以突出其簡潔性。 有時景觀是陪襯。

‘You’ve come to the right place for slowness,’ says John Pawson in the basement of his King’s Cross studio, from which comes the work that has given Pawson a global reputation as the pre-eminent supplier of architectural calm, be it for houses, hotels, offices, galleries, shops or even monasteries.Often characterised as minimalist, the Pawson aesthetic is actually one of considered reductivism, the removal of extraneous detail in favour of an all-enveloping simplicity.Sometimes this purity is juxtaposed with existing structure to accentuate its simplicity. Sometimes landscape is 

the foil.

Slow architecture:威尼托Casa delle Bottere complex建筑群設計-02

  與位于特雷維索的MZC Architettura的副建筑師Giuseppe Cangialosi一起,Pawson和他的項目建筑師Ben Collins在威尼托斯風景且伴隨著遠處的多洛米蒂山脈的起伏中創作了一個非凡的住宅。受到當地農業建筑的粗獷簡潔風格和威尼托最知名的建筑之子Andrea Palladio的古典主義的啟發,Casa是一種奇特的令人滿意的白話實用主義和嚴謹的幾何結構。

Together with associate architect Giuseppe Cangialosi, of Treviso-based MZC Architettura, Pawson and his project architect Ben Collins have carved a remarkable dwelling out of the Venetian landscape, with the Dolomites rising in the distance.  Inspired by both the rough simplicity of local agricultural buildings and the classical purity of Veneto’s most famous architectural son, Andrea Palladio, the Casa is a strangely satisfying hybrid of vernacular pragmatism and rigorous geometry.

Slow architecture:威尼托Casa delle Bottere complex建筑群設計-03

  單層住宅位于景觀中,大型地下室和庭院的上方。 “這座房子必須達到AECB CarbonLite黃金標準的可持續發展狀態,因此它具有極高的能源效率,”Pawson說。“所有的材料都是回收的,它是三層玻璃,還有光伏板,這是一種案例研究。”能源效率當然是現在每個建筑簡報中不可或缺的一部分,但Pawson強調這個特殊的房子更進一步,已經到達到黃金標準,它必須只占當前住宅平均二氧化碳排放量的5%。“當你開始節省熱水從廢水管中流失的能量時,你會進入相當復雜的領域,”Pawson說。“例如,三層玻璃需要定制的滑動門。”

Set within the landscape, the single storey dwelling is placed above a large basement and courtyard. ‘This house had to reach AECB CarbonLite gold standard sustainability status, so it’s incredibly energy efficient,’ says Pawson.  ‘All the materials are recycled, it’s triple-glazed, there are photovoltaic panels – it’s a sort of case study.’ Energy efficiency is of course, now integral to every architectural brief, but Pawson stresses that this particular house takes things further – to achieve gold standard, it must put out just five per cent of current average CO2 emissions for a 

dwelling.  ‘When you start saving the energy lost from hot water going down a waste pipe, you’re into quite sophisticated areas,’ Pawson says. ‘The triple glazing, for example, requires custom-built sliding doors.’

Slow architecture:威尼托Casa delle Bottere complex建筑群設計-04

  在外部,房子里裝飾著marmorino板,這是威尼托地區的一種傳統材料(Palladio在維琴察及周邊建造的眾多別墅中廣泛使用)。新房屋長30米,長方形,不對稱屋頂,采用定制的白色混凝土板,并由細長的柱子支撐。“因此,每個房間都有不同形狀的屋頂,”建筑師說。

Externally, the house is finished with marmorino slabs, a traditional material in the Veneto region (it was used extensively by Palladio in the numerous grand villas he constructed in and around Vicenza).  The 30m-long rectangular form of the new house is capped with an asymmetric roof, clad with custom-made white concrete slabs and supported by slender columns. ‘As a result, every room has a different shaped roof,’ says the architect.

Slow architecture:威尼托Casa delle Bottere complex建筑群設計-05

  主入口位于下方,挖掘出的地下室作為汽車港口和服務區。 在那里,業主可以停在視線之外,然后上升到地塊中心的雙層入口大廳。在西邊是生活區,在屋頂的最高點之下,而臥室則在東邊。南立面的深檐提供陽光遮蔭和一個可供吃飯和玩耍的露臺,所有客房都通過那些厚重的玻璃門通向戶外。

The main entrance is from below, where an excavated basement serves as car port and service area. There, the owners can park out of sight, then ascend to a double height entrance hall in the centre of the plot. To the west are the living areas, beneath the highest point of the roof, while bedrooms are off to the east. The deep eaves on the south fa?ade provide shade from the sun and a terrace on which to eat and play – all rooms open up to the outdoors via those hefty glazed doors.

Slow architecture:威尼托Casa delle Bottere complex建筑群設計-06

  屋頂還設有一個偏移的山墻,一個俯瞰入口車道的單獨窗戶,終止穿過房屋脊柱的長軸。 這個十字形計劃參考了Palladio的一個主要建筑設備,從西部的起居區到東部的主人套房,以及從房子內心的入口大廳穿過南北。可根據要求打開或關閉軸。 所有浴室都有屋頂燈,所有公共房間都有雙重面,而人工照明則隱蔽隱藏。

The roof also features an offset gable with a solitary window overlooking the entrance driveway and terminating the long axis that runs through the spine of the house. This cruciform plan references one of Palladio’s key architectural devices, running from the living area in the west to the master suite in the east, and north-south across the entrance hall at the house’s heart. The axis can be opened or closed off depending on requirements. All the bathrooms have rooflights and all public rooms have a dual aspect, while artificial lighting is discreetly concealed.

Slow architecture:威尼托Casa delle Bottere complex建筑群設計-07

  景觀由Pawson的長期合作者Jonnie Bell設計,他種植了一排排橡樹,這些橡樹與輪廓一起提供篩選和遮蔭。 小教堂被設計為這個景觀中的一個亮點,與主屋分開,用于家庭洗禮和私人服務。他像一個帶有桶形拱形天花板的未加熱盒子,上方有一個隱藏式天窗,可以讓自然光從墻壁后面透過,看似簡單,Toscana Pietra石灰石地板和由當地橡木制成的祭壇和長凳。

The landscaping has been designed by Pawson’s long-term collaborator Jonnie Bell, who has planted rows of oak trees that run with the contours to provide screening and shade. The chapel is designed as an object within this landscape, set apart from the main house and intended for family baptisms and private services.An unheated box with a barrel-vaulted ceiling, above which a concealed skylight allows natural light to filter down from behind the walls, it is deceptively simple, with Toscana Pietra limestone flooring and an altar and benches made from local oak.

Slow architecture:威尼托Casa delle Bottere complex建筑群設計-08

  “對我們來說,做這些空間真好,”帕森說。 “教堂是一個學習曲線,例如,修道院家是最終的極簡主義者。”2004年完成的捷克共和國Novy Dvur圣母修道院的工作贏得了廣泛的贊譽,更多的宗教建筑創作中。

‘It’s nice for us to do these spaces,’ says Pawson. ‘Churches have been a learning curve – Cistercians, for example, are the ultimate minimalists.’ The practice’s work on the Our Lady of Novy Dvur monastery in the Czech Republic, completed in 2004, won it widespread acclaim and more religious buildings are in the offering. 

Slow architecture:威尼托Casa delle Bottere complex建筑群設計-09


項目名稱:威尼托Casa delle Bottere complex建筑群設計

設計單位:Slow architecture

設計師:John Pawson

設計地點:威尼托



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